MANIFESTATIONS OF GENDERED ENGINEERING CULTURE IN TURKEY: DIFFERING EXPERIENCES OF WOMEN AND MEN ENGINEERS / TÜRKİYE'DE TOPLUMSAL CİNSİYET TEMELLİ MÜHENDİSLİK KÜLTÜRÜNÜN TEZAHÜRLERİ: KADIN VE ERKEK MÜHENDİSLERİN FARKLILAŞAN DENEYİMLERİ
This study aims to understand manifestations of professional culture in engineering which comforts men more than women and differing experiences of women and men engineers in contemporary Turkey by using a theoretical tool called “Gendered Engineering Culture”. In order to reach this aim, ethnographic studies were conducted in one factory and two workshops in Ankara by participant observation technique. In addition, forty three in-depth interviews were accomplished with women and men engineers. Respondents were purposefully selected to constitute two main cohorts who were under and over age forty. Interviews were interpreted in regard to respondents’ profesional perceptions, reactions they get from the society, education and work life experiences.
Key Words: Gendered Engineering Culture, Women and Men Engineer, Turkey, Participant Observation, In-depth interview.
Bu çalışma,“Toplumsal Cinsiyet Temelli Mühendislik Kültürü” kavramsal aracını kullanarak, yakın zaman Türkiye’sinde erkek mühendislere var olma kolaylığı sağlayan toplumsal cinsiyet temelli mühendislik kültürünün tezahür biçimlerini, kadın ve erkek mühendislerin farklılaşan mesleki deneyimlerini temel alarak anlamaya çalışmaktadır. Bu kapsamda, Ankara’da bir fabrika ve iki atölyede katılımcı gözlem metoduyla etnografik çalışmalara ek olarak, kırk üç adet kadın ve erkek mühendis ile derinlemesine mülakat yapılmıştır. Cevaplayıcılar, esas olarak 40 yaş ve üstü ve 40 yaş ve altı olmak üzere iki yaş grubundan gelmektedir. Mülakatlar, katılımcıların meslekleri hakkındaki algıları, toplumdan aldıkları tepkiler, okul ve iş hayatı deneyimleri kapsamında değerlendirilmiştir.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Toplumsal Cinsiyet Temelli Mühendislik Kültürü, kadın ve erkek mühendis, Türkiye, katılımcı gözlem, derinlemesine mülakat.
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