MANIPULATION OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS REGRESS DEMOCRATIZATION: ETHIOPIAN MUSLIMS CIVIL RIGHT MOVEMENT / DİNİ KURUMLARIN MANİPÜLASYONU VE DEMOKRATİKLEŞMENİN GERİLEMESİ: ETİYOPYA MÜSLÜMAN SİVİL HAKLAR HAREKETİ

Mohammed Endris ALI
2.740 1.285

Öz


Abstract

Democratization as a multi level process is very volatile in many African countries and still in some countries democratic breakdown can happen anywhere and anytime.  Religious freedom as a fundamental human right and independence of religious institutions are important social sphere where democratization can be tested. In this article how manipulation of religious institutions affect democratization in Ethiopia where religion has important role both in the society and the public sphere.  Explaining the role of religion and religious institutions and models for religion and democracy relation, the article build theoretical framework to analyze how manipulation of religious institutions are challenging Ethiopian infant democratization and testing the ruling party’s commitment for principles of democracy and its political program. Detail analysis is made on the ongoing three years old Muslims’ civil right movement and the government reaction as an important indicator. As a result state intervention in religious affairs to the extent of playing prophetic role and repression of basic religious freedoms found to be risky domain of democratization in the country. Consequently the government’s failure to meet the democratic demand of citizens reflects both the decline of infant democratization process in the country and disclose the ruling party’s lack of commitment to be governed by it political program and the countries constitution.

Key Words: Ethiopia’s Democratization, Muslims Civil Right Movement, Manipulation of Religion.

Özet

Çok katmanlı bir süreç olarak demokratikleşme pek çok Afrika ülkesinde istikrarsızlık göstermektedir ve hala bazı ülkelerde herhangi bir zamanda ve yerde demokrasinin kesintiye uğraması söz konusudur. İnsan hakkı olarak din özgürlüğü ve dini kurumların bağımsızlığı demokrasinin kalitesinin test edilebileceği bir alandır. Bu makalede hem toplum hem de kamu hayatında dinin önemli bir rolünün bulunduğu Etiyopya’da dini kurumların manipülasyonunun demokratikleşme sürecini nasıl etkilediği ele alınmıştır. Din ve dini kurumların ve din-demokrasi ilişkisinin modellerle izah edildiği bu çalışma, dini kurumların manipülasyonunun daha bebekliğini yaşayan Etiyopya demokrasisini nasıl zor durumda bıraktığını ve iktidar partisinin demokratik kurallara ve parti programına bağlılığını nasıl test ettiğini açıklayan bir kuramsal temele dayanmaktadır. Henüz üç yıllık bir hareketi olan Müslüman Sivil Haklar Hareketi ve önemli bir gösterge olarak hükümet tepkisi üzerine ayrıntılı çözümlemeler yapılmıştır. Sonuç olarak, devletin din işlerine kehanete varacak düzeyde müdahalesinin ve temel dini özgürlüklerin bastırılmasının ülkenin demokratikleşme süreci açısından riskli olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu nedenle, hükümetin vatandaşların demokratik taleplerini karşılamada yetersiz kalması hem demokratikleşme sürecinin gerilemekte olduğunu hem de iktidar partisinin siyasi programına ve anayasaya bağlı kalarak bir yönetim sergileyemediğini göstermektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Etiyopya’nın Demokratikleşmesi, Müslüman Sivil Haklar Hareketi, Dini Manipülasyon.  

        


Anahtar kelimeler


Etiyopya’nın Demokratikleşmesi, Müslüman Sivil

Tam metin:

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